The Senior Years (Gr 11-12)

The academic curriculum for Grades 11 and 12 at The Francis de Sales Centre is a liberal arts program which bridges the period in western civilization from Late Antiquity to the modern age, introducing the students to the study of the current world around them while continuing to strengthen their abilities to reason and to express themselves in speech and in writing.  Students participate in physical education and arts programs offered throughout the city, in curriculum-based school trips, as well as extra-curricular clubs.

This course continues our study of Church History by examining great works of Christian literature and the lives of influential Christians.  Some of the major topics discussed include faith and reason, the existence of God, the nature of true freedom, Christian community (with a special focus on monasticism), the nature of Christian friendship, and the role of mystics in the Church.
In this course we study how Christian beliefs influence the way Christians live their lives by focusing on the teachings of the Church and the examples of the Saints.  Topics include the principles of moral theology (freedom, conscience, the Law) and the application of these moral principles to daily life through an in-depth study of the Ten Commandments, the Beatitudes and other Gospel teachings.
This is a survey course of Western European Literature from Sophocles to Milton, including the study of Oedipus the King and Antigone by Sophocles, Beowulf, Perceval (excerpt) by Chretien de Troyes, The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, The Canterbury Tales (selections) by Geoffrey Chaucer, Hamlet by William Shakespeare, and Paradise Lost (excerpts) by John Milton.
This course continues the survey of Western European Literature by reading works such as Macbeth by Shakespeare, Pensées (selections) by Blaise Pascal, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Coleridge, selected poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, The Power and the Glory by Graham Greene, 1984 by George Orwell, and a selected short story by Flannery O’Connor.
This is an elective course which explores major themes in five great works of English literature, such as Great Expectations (Dickens), Pride and Prejudice (Austen), Wuthering Heights (Bronte), The Scarlett Letter (Hawthorne), and Romeo and Juliet  (Shakespeare). The nature of love and hate, beauty and ugliness, pride and humility, vengeance and forgiveness, poverty and wealth are the focus of study.
This course offers a survey of western European history from the Pax Romana until the end of the 14th century.  Special attention is paid to the interaction of western Europeans with the Islamic civilization and states and with the Byzantine empire.
This survey course studies the major ideological trends of modern Western Civilization.  Units include the Renaissance and the Reformation, the Scientific Revolution, the rise of Nationalism and Absolutism, the Enlightenment and the birth of modern political theory, the American and French Revolutions and republicanism, industrialization and Communism, the American Civil War (including its impact on British North America), the World Wars and the Cold War, and the collapse of Soviet Communism.
This course is designed to give students an appreciation for chemistry and its relationship to all aspects of life. Students will further develop their laboratory skills through ongoing lab work and assignments.  Topics covered include: matter and change, scientific measurement, atomic structure, the Periodic Table, ionic, metallic, and covalent bonding, chemical names and formulas, balancing chemical equations, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, states of matter, gas behavior, water and aqueous systems, solutions, thermochemistry, reaction rates and equilibrium, acids, bases and salts, oxidation-reduction reactions, electrochemistry, hydrocarbon compounds, alcohols, ethers, carbonyl compounds, carbohydrates, amino acids, lipids, nucleic acids, and nuclear chemistry.
This course prepares students for post-secondary courses requiring a prerequisite in physics, offering a mathematically based presentation of physics, using a non-calculus approach with extensive use of vectors. Students will learn how to solve problems mathematically. Labs will give a hands-on opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of concepts.  Major topics include: Classical mechanics (motion in one and two dimensions, laws of motion, work and energy, momentum, circular motion and gravitation); Waves (vibrations and waves, sound, light and reflection, refraction, interference and diffraction); Electricity and Magnetism (electric forces and fields, electrical energy, current and circuits, magnetism, EM induction).
This course continues the study of algebra and functions, leading to the advanced study of Functions and Relations in Grade 12.
This course serves as a preparation for Mathematics 12 (Calculus & Vectors) and for Ontario university programs which require Advanced Functions as a prerequisite.  Topics in the course include: linear functions, systems of linear equations and inequalities, quadratic functions and complex numbers, exponential and logarithmic functions, rational and irrational algebraic functions, quadratic relations and systems (circles, ellipses, hyperbolas, and parabolas); trigonometric and circular functions and their properties; trigonometric identities; triangle Problems; and vectors.
This is an introductory course in calculus, and also includes a major unit on vectors.  The calculus component includes rates of change, limits, derivatives of polynomials including product and chain rule, quotients, sinusoidal functions, exponential and logarithmic functions. An introduction to integrals is also presented. The unit on vectors includes geometric vectors and applications; dot and cross products of Cartesian vectors and their application; lines and planes in 2 and 3 space.
Grade 11 French builds on the foundation laid in Grade 10, with an even greater emphasis on oral communication, as well as on listening and reading comprehension skills.  Students learn the simple past tense, the conditional tenses and the present subjunctive.  They are exposed to classic French literature and to French culture through authentic readings and songs.
Grade 12 French builds on the foundations laid in earlier courses, with a continued emphasis on oral communication in French, as well as on listening and reading comprehension skills.  Students continue their learning of French grammar and verb tenses, including the present and past subjunctive, using the various past tenses together, relative and possessive pronouns, negative expressions and expressions of time, and learning the difference between direct and indirect speech.  They are exposed to classic French literature and to French culture through authentic readings, videos and songs.
This course is intended to develop vocabulary and skills in research, composition, and oral presentation.  Development and implementation of a methodology for writing an extensive research paper is an integral part of the students’ work; each student must complete two major research papers, on a topic developed with the instructor, and is required to present his or her research in a tutorial setting on a regular basis.  In addition, the course includes regular timed writing practice and persuasive, descriptive, narrative and critical writing assignments.  Students are also required to complete weekly vocabulary assignments.
This course offers an intensive introduction to the study of classical Latin for students with little or no previous exposure.  There are daily readings in Latin and Latin-to-English and English-to-Latin exercises, along with a structured presentation of Latin grammar, relating it to what the students know of English grammar.  By the end of the course, the students have been introduced to five declensions of nouns and adjectives and the major tenses of the indicative mood, and are reading basic classical Latin texts.
This course continues from Latin I with an intensive introduction to the study of classical Latin.  The year begins with daily readings in Latin and Latin-to-English and English-to-Latin exercises, along with a structured presentation of Latin grammar, relating it to what the students know of English grammar.  By the end of the course, the students will be translating much longer passages of Latin, including some passages from Caesar’s Gallic War.
This course continues from Latin II with intensive study of classical Latin.  The year begins with daily readings in Latin, with occasional grammatical exercises.  As the year progresses, the students will be introduced to short passages of Latin from classical and Christian authors.
This elective course teaches students the rudiments of music theory.  Topics covered include:  Music Notation; Time Values; Accidentals; Scales (Major, Minor, Chromatic, Whole-Tone, Pentatonic, Blues, Octatonic); Modes; Intervals; Time (Simple, Compound, Hybrid); Note Grouping; Triplets;  Terminology; Chords; Triads (Major, Minor, Augmented, Diminished; Inversions); Dominant 7th and Diminished 7th Chords; Cadences (Perfect, Plagal, Imperfect); Transposition.
This course takes students through three centuries of cultural development by focusing on the relationships between music and other cultural phenomena from 1600 to the outbreak of the First World War.  The course materials include a set of lectures on DVDand a 3-CD collection of musical pieces the students will learn to identify through ongoing listening exercises.  Topics covered include musical technology, the rise of the Baroque period, opera, the Enlightenment and Classicism, Romanticism, tone poems, nationalism, Modernism.
This elective course surveys the history of Western Art, with special focus on the arts of the Christian world as the heart of Western Civilization.  Non-western art traditions will be introduced where they provide instructive context or comparison.  Students will learn to identify and appreciate the evolution of styles, media, and cultural objectives across the spectrum of art in two and three dimensions:  painting, sculpture, crafted objects, architecture, and their inter-relationship in sacred, domestic, or civic contexts.
The course is designed to give students an appreciation of the order and complexity of creation, and of the order and complexity in the cosmos.  The course covers the different kinds of celestial objects, their characteristics, how they formed and developed, and their eventual fates. This includes a discussion of stars (including our sun), star groups, black holes, asteroids and comets, the earth, moon, and planets. It also covers the theories of the origin, development, and future of the universe, as well as whether other planets and life forms exist in space. The student will study, and have the opportunity to observe, the main stars and constellations for both summer and winter.
This elective course introduces students to the fundamentals of drafting, starting with the alphabet of lines and basic sketching.  Students will learn the proper use of drafting equipment such as T-squares, set squares (triangles), and scales, and will learn how to construct basic geometric figures.  Students will also be introduced to multiview and pictorial drawing, as well as the fundamentals of lettering.

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