The Senior Years (Gr 11-12)

The academic curriculum for Grades 11 and 12 at The Francis de Sales Centre is a liberal arts program which bridges the period in western civilization from Late Antiquity to the modern age, introducing the students to the study of the current world around them while continuing to strengthen their abilities to reason and to express themselves in speech and in writing.  Students participate in physical education and arts programs offered throughout the city, in curriculum-based school trips, as well as extra-curricular clubs.

This course focuses on the continued study of Church History by examining great works of Christian literature and the lives of influential Christians.   Evaluation is based on class participation, homework questions, oral presentations, frequent short essays, tests, and three exams.

In this course we study how Christian beliefs influence the way Christians live their lives by focusing on the teachings of the Church and the examples of the Saints.  Evaluation is based on chapter questions, class participation, short papers, group presentations, tests, and three exams.

This is a survey course of Western European Literature from Sophocles to Milton, including the study of Oedipus the King and Antigone by Sophocles, Beowulf, Perceval (excerpt) by Chretien de Troyes, The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, The Canterbury Tales (selections) by Geoffrey Chaucer, Hamlet by William Shakespeare, and Paradise Lost (excerpts) by John Milton.  Evaluation is based on participation in class discussion, written essays, and three exams.

This course continues the survey of Western European Literature by reading works such as Macbeth by Shakespeare, Pensées (selections) by Blaise Pascal, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Coleridge, selected poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins, Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoyevsky, The Power and the Glory by Graham Greene, 1984 by George Orwell, and a selected short story by Flannery O’Connor.  Evaluation is based on participation in class discussion, written essays, and three exams.

This is an elective course which explores major themes in five great works of English literature, such as Great Expectations (Dickens), Pride and Prejudice (Austen), Wuthering Heights (Bronte), The Scarlett Letter (Hawthorne), and Romeo and Juliet  (Shakespeare). The nature of love and hate, beauty and ugliness, pride and humility, vengeance and forgiveness, poverty and wealth are the focus of study.  Evaluation is based on frequent short essays, longer essays, tests, exams, oral presentations, class participation, and homework assignments.

This course offers a survey of western European history from the Pax Romana until the end of the 14th century.  Special attention is paid to the interaction of western Europeans with the Islamic civilization and states and with the Byzantine empire.  Evaluation is based on weekly assignments, class presentations and discussions, short essays, and three exams.

This survey course studies the major ideological trends of modern Western Civilization and their effects upon the world.  Units include the origins of the modern world (the Renaissance and the Reformation), the Scientific Revolution, the ascent of Nationalism and Absolutism, the Enlightenment and the nascence of modern political theory, the development of the Westminster system (including its reception in Canada),  the American Revolution and the republican system, the French Revolution, industrialization and responses (Chartism and Communism), the American Civil War (including its impact on British North America), the World Wars and the Cold War, the collapse of Soviet communism and "the end of history".  Students read and discuss source documents, with emphasis on the works of moral and political philosophers, commentators, and scientists; these primary sources are discussed in conjunction with historical events.  Evaluation is based upon participation in seminar-style classes, completion of weekly assignments consisting of either questions based upon readings or short essays on topics set by instructor, tests, and three exams.

This course is designed to give students an appreciation for chemistry and its relationship to all aspects of life. Students will further develop their laboratory skills through ongoing lab work and assignments.  Topics covered include: matter and change, scientific measurement, atomic structure, the Periodic Table, ionic, metallic, and covalent bonding, chemical names and formulas, balancing chemical equations, chemical reactions, stoichiometry, states of matter, gas behavior, water and aqueous systems, solutions, thermochemistry, reaction rates and equilibrium, acids, bases and salts, oxidation-reduction reactions, electrochemistry, hydrocarbon compounds, alcohols, ethers, carbonyl compounds, carbohydrates, amino acids, lipids, nucleic acids, and nuclear chemistry.  Evaluation is based on lab assignments, homework, participation, projects, tests and exams.

This course prepares the student for university courses requiring a prerequisite in physics, and offers a mathematically based presentation of physics, using a non-calculus approach with extensive use of vectors. Students will build upon their knowledge of concepts in physics and learn how to solve problems mathematically. Student labs will give a hands-on opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of concepts.  Major topics include: Classical mechanics (motion in one and two dimensions, laws of motion, work and energy, momentum, circular motion and gravitation); Waves (vibrations and waves, sound, light and reflection, refraction, interference and diffraction); Electricity and Magnetism (electric forces and fields, electrical energy, current and circuits, magnetism, EM induction). Additional units on thermodynamics and atomic physics will correspond with those topics in chemistry.   Evaluation is based on lab work and assignments, homework, participation, projects, tests, and three exams.

This course serves as a preparation for Mathematics 12 (Calculus & Vectors) and for Ontario university programs which require Advanced Functions as a prerequisite.  Topics in the course include: linear functions, systems of linear equations and inequalities, quadratic functions and complex numbers, exponential and Logarithmic functions, rational and irrational Algebraic Functions, quadratic Relations and Systems (circles, ellipses, hyperbolas, and parabolas); trigonometric and circular functions; properties of trigonometric and circular functions; trigonometric Identities; triangle Problems; and vectors.  Students continue to hone their math skills by writing the Fermat and Hypatia Contests.  Evaluation is based on participation, homework, tests, and three exams.

This course continues the study of algebra and functions, leading to the advanced study of functions and relations in Grade 12.  Evaluation is based on participation, homework, tests, and three exams.

This is an introductory course in calculus, and also includes a major unit on vectors.  The calculus component includes the topics: rates of change, limits, derivatives of polynomials including product and chain rule, quotients, sinusoidal functions, exponential and logarithmic functions. An introduction to integrals is also presented. The unit on vectors includes geometric vectors and applications; dot and cross product of Cartesian vectors and their application; lines and planes in 2 and 3 space.  Students have the opportunity to write the Euclid and Canadian Senior Math Contests.  Evaluation is based on tests, assignments and exams.

This course builds on the foundation laid in Grade 10, with an even greater emphasis on oral communication in French, as well as listening and reading comprehension skills.  Students continue their learning of French grammar and verb tenses, including the simple past tense, the conditional tenses and the present subjunctive.  They are exposed to classic French literature and to French culture through authentic readings and songs.  Evaluation of oral, reading, and writing skills is based on class participation, homework, written assignments, tests and presentations, and three exams.

This course continues to build on the foundations laid in earlier courses.  Topics covered include:  Vocabulaire; Les conjonctions suivies du subjonctif; L’infinitif composé; Les expressions impersonnelles qui prennent l’indicatif et le subjonctif; Le subjonctif après : seul, premier, dernier, unique ; et après le superlatif; Le subjonctif après les antécédents indéfinis; Faire causative; La concordance des temps (le discours direct et indirect); Faire causatif vs rendre + adjective; Les pronoms indéfinis; Lectures culturelles.   Evaluation of oral, reading, and writing skills is based on tests and presentations, written assignments, homework, class participation and term exams.

This course is intended to develop the students’ skills of vocabulary, research, composition, and oral presentation.  Development and implementation of a methodology for writing an extensive research paper is an integral part of the students’ work; each student must complete two major research papers, on a topic developed with the instructor and is required to present his or her research in a tutorial setting on a regular basis.  In addition, the course includes regular timed writing practice and persuasive, descriptive, narrative and critical writing assignments.  Students are also required to complete weekly vocabulary assignments.  Evaluation is based on weekly assignments, two major research papers, and three exams.

This course continues from Latin I with an intensive introduction to the study of classical Latin.  The year begins with daily readings in Latin and Latin-to-English and English-to-Latin exercises, along with a structured presentation of Latin grammar, relating it to what the students know of English grammar.  By the end of the course, the students will be translating much longer passages of Latin, including some passages from Caesar’s Gallic War.  Evaluation is based on assignments, take-home tests, quizzes, participation, and term examinations.

This course continues from Latin II with intensive study of classical Latin.  The year begins with daily readings in Latin, with occasional grammatical exercises.  As the year progresses, the students will be introduced to short passages of Latin from classical and Christian authors. Evaluation is based on assignments, take-home tests, quizzes, participation, and term examinations.

This elective course teaches students the rudiments of music theory.  Topics covered include:  Music Notation; Time Values; Semitones, Whole Tones, and Accidentals; Scales (Major, Minor, Chromatic, Whole-Tone, Pentatonic, Blues, Octatonic); Modes; Intervals; Time (Simple, Compound, Hybrid); Note Grouping;Triplets; Music terminology; Chords; Triads (Major, Minor, Augmented, Diminished; Inversions); The Dominant 7th Chord; The Diminished 7th Chord; Cadences (Perfect, Plagal, Imperfect); Transposition. Evaluation is based on regular textbook exercises, two term exams and a final exam.

This elective course takes students through three centuries of cultural development by focusing on the relationships between music and other cultural phenomena from 1600 to the outbreak of the First World War.  The course materials include a set of lectures on DVD and a 3-CD collection of musical pieces the students will learn to identify through ongoing listening exercises.  Topics covered include musical technology, the rise of the Baroque period, opera, the Enlightenment and Classicism, Romanticism, tone poems, nationalism, Modernism.  Evaluation is based on listening assignments, short homework assignments, two term exams and a final exam.

This elective course surveys the history of Western Art, with special focus on the arts of the Christian world as the heart of Western Civilization.   Non-western art traditions will be introduced where they provide instructive context or comparison.  Students will learn to identify and appreciate the evolution of styles, media, and cultural objectives across the spectrum of art in two and three dimensions:  painting, sculpture, crafted objects, architecture, and the inter-relationship of each to the others in sacred, domestic, or civic contexts.  Evaluation is based on research and response assignments, tests, participation, and term examinations.

This elective course is designed to give students an appreciation of the order and complexity of creation, and of the order and complexity in the cosmos.  The course covers the different kinds of celestial objects, their characteristics, how they formed and developed, and their eventual fates. This includes a discussion of stars (including our sun), star groups, black holes, asteroids and comets, the earth, moon, and planets. It also covers the theories of the origin, development, and future of the universe, as well as whether other planets and life forms exist in space. The students will study, and have the opportunity to observe, the main stars and constellations for both summer and winter.  Evaluation will be based on participation, assignments, tests, and examinations.

This elective course introduces students to the fundamentals of drafting, starting with the alphabet of lines and basic sketching.  Students will learn the proper use of drafting equipment such as T-squares, set squares (triangles),  and scales, and will learn how to construct basic geometric figures.  Students will also be introduced to multiview and pictorial drawing, as well as the fundamentals of lettering.  Evaluation will be based on participation, assignments, tests, and examinations.




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